I believe Americans call it part of the Arab-Israeli conflicts which has been an ongoing battle since 1948 when the state of Israel was formed. In 1967 Israel had captured the Sinai Peninsula and part of Syria's Golan Heights.

In October of 1973, Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel. It was on Yom Kippur (a Holy day in Judaism). It also happened to fall in line with the holy month of Ramadan. Egyptian and Syrian forces crossed the ceasefire lines to enter the Israeli held Sinai Peninsula and Golan Heights.

This move brought Americans and Soviets to the brink of declaring war. The Americans siding with Israel and Soviets backing the Arab Nations.

The skirmishes between Egypt, Syria and Israel lasted for nineteen days. On October 22nd, the United Nations brokered a ceasefire which quickly unravled. Then a 2nd ceasefire was imposed on October 25th. At the conclusion of hostilities, Israeli forces were 25 miles from Damascus and 63 miles from Cairo.

Israel suffered a serious blow to their psyche. They had be come complacent since their win during the Six Day War in 1967. Likewise, for the Arab states their successes during the October War healed the psychological trauma of their defeat during the Six Day War.

October 6th is a National Holiday here in Egypt called Armed Forces Day. At the 35th anniversary in 2006 Hosni Mubarak said that the October War “breathed new life” into Egypt.

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